Below are just a sampling of some of the great rivers in Aroostook County, Maine that offer the best canoeing on the East Coast.

The Aroostook River is a 112-mile-long (180 km) tributary of the Saint John River in the U.S. state of Maine and the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Its basin is the largest sub-drainage of the Saint John River.

The Allagash River is a tributary of the Saint John River, approximately 65 miles (105 km) long, in northern Maine in the United States. It drains in a remote and scenic area of wilderness in the Maine North Woods north of Mount Katahdin. The name "Allagash" comes from the Abenaki language, a dialect of the Algonquin languages, spoken by the Penobscot Tribe The word, /walakéskʸihtəkʸ/, means "bark stream".

The Big Black River is a river crossing the administrative region of Chaudière-Appalaches in Quebec and in Maine. From its source, in L'Islet RCM, Quebec, the river runs northeast and east across the Canada–United States border in Maine Township 14, Range 16, WELS, to the Saint John River in Northwest Aroostook T 15, R 13.

The Mattawamkeag River is a river in Maine. From the confluence of its East Branch and West Branch in Haynesville, about 10 miles (16 km) west of the Canada–United States border, the river runs 50.6 miles (81.4 km) south and west to its mouth on the Penobscot River in Mattawamkeag.

The Northwest Branch Saint John River is a 15.5-mile-long (24.9 km) river primarily in Aroostook County, Maine, USA. Its origin is Frontier Lake (Quebec-Maine) in Quebec, Canada. After crossing the Canada–United States border, the Northwest Branch runs south close to the border until it picks up its tributary, the Daaquam River, which also flows out of Canada. The Northwest Branch then runs generally eastward to its confluence with the Southwest Branch to form the Saint John River.